Urinary tract infections can be serious and lead to other problems or disorders. Therefore, it is important to know your symptoms and visit the hospital as soon as they appear.
Today, we are going to look into the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection in children. Urinary tract infections in children are very common. Typically, these infections occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract, bladder, or kidney. If you show symptoms of a urinary tract infection, you should visit a hospital to start treatment as soon as possible .
In this article, I’m going to explain what exactly is a urinary tract infection and how it can be treated.
Urinary tract infection in children
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by the presence or spread of microorganisms in the urinary tract . However, asymptomatic urinary tract infection is another type of infection called asymptomatic bacteriuria.
The most common bacteria that lead to urinary tract infections in children are Proteus, Klebsiella, intestinal bacteria, streptococcus, and staphylococcus. In newborns, it is frequently caused by Listeria monocytogenes and enterococci.
Unfortunately, urinary tract infections occur frequently in children and can recur. It can actually cause long-term complications. Therefore, it is very important to start treatment with a pediatrician as soon as possible so that urinary tract infections do not become more serious or become a prolonged problem.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection in children
Symptoms of urinary tract infection include fever, general discomfort, and frequent urination.
Overall, symptoms of urinary tract infection may vary depending on the child’s age . In fact, it is more difficult to detect symptoms in newborns or babies under 6 months of age. However, common symptoms usually include fever above 37 degrees and pain during urination.
In general, some of the most common symptoms are:
- Pain, itching, or burning when urinating
- Pain in the bladder area
- Smell, cloudy urine that may come out of blood
- Irritability and vomiting
- Overall discomfort and chills
- The desire to urinate, constantly felt at least in the amount of urine
However, symptoms usually worsen when acute pyelonephritis or infection reaches the kidneys. For example, they may have severe fever, fatigue, vomiting, or inability to eat.
Complications of urinary tract infection in children
Urinary tract infections pose some risks and have potential complications . Some of them are as follows.
- Urinary tract problems, such as an obstruction of the urinary tract or urethra
- Kidney malformations or complications
- Impaired bladder ureter reflux where urine flows into the kidneys and ureter